In the 1930s the oil industry started using soft metal plates for overpressure protection which was the birth of the rupture disc. While the basic purpose of rupture discs - that being to protect equipment and personnel from overpressure situations has not changed much over the years, rupture disc technology and materials have.
CDC Fundamentals

This 12 minute tutorial provides a brief history of rupture discs, explains why rupture discs are needed; reviews the basic types of rupture discs and what to do if a rupture disc bursts. Watch now.